National Academy of Science members are elected in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. Membership is a widely accepted mark of excellence in science and is considered one of the highest honors that a scientist can receive.
Institute of Medicine members are elected for their excellence and professional achievement in a field relevant to the IOM's mission and for their willingness to participate actively in its work. These individuals not only represent the health care professions but also the natural, social, and behavioral sciences, as well as law, administration, engineering, and the humanities.
The strength of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences lies in the intellectual leadership of its members and the wide range of expertise they bring to its studies and publications, and reflects the full range of disciplines and professions: mathematics, the physical and biological sciences, medicine, the social sciences and humanities, business, government, public affairs, and the arts.
American Association for the Advancement of Science members are dedicated to the idea that science, technology, engineering and mathematics will help us solve the major issues we all confront as global citizens.
Royal Society Fellows are elected for life through a peer review process on the basis of excellence in science.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Early Career Scientists are among the nation's most promising researchers, appointed to the Institute at a critical stage of their careers.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator Alumni develop new tools and methods that enable creative experimental approaches to biological questions, when necessary bringing to bear concepts or techniques from other disciplines. They forge links between basic biology and medicine, opening new pathways for disease diagnosis and drug discovery.
The Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers is the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers beginning their independent careers.
Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation Awards support independent young physician-scientists conducting disease-oriented research that demonstrates a high level of innovation and creativity.
W.M. Keck Foundation Distinguished Young Scholar in Medical Research gives young scientists the resources they need to pursue potentially breakthrough research projects in biomedical research. Many recipients of the awards have gone on to publish pioneering work and assume leadership positions in their field.
The Pew Scholars Program in the Biological Sciences supports young investigators of outstanding promise in the basic and clinical sciences relevant to the advancement of human health. Nominations for the awards are invited from a limited number of institutions selected on the basis of the scope of their work in biomedical research.
The Searle Scholar Award program makes grants to selected academic institutions to support the independent research of outstanding individuals who have recently begun their first appointment at the assistant professor level, and whose appointment is a tenure-track position.
The National Medal of Science is given to individuals deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to knowledge in the physical, biological, mathematical, engineering sciences, social and behavioral sciences.